A stroke is a loss of function caused by a disruption of the blood supply to a part of the brain. This can lead to brain damage and possibly death.
- Ischaemic: the blood supply/ flow is stopped due to a blood clot
- Haemorrhagic: a weakened blood vessel supplying the brain bursts and causes brain damage
- Trans Ischaemic Attack (TIA): 'mini-stroke‘ the supply of blood to the brain is temporarily interrupted
Consequences of Malnutrition in Stroke
Malnutrition in stroke has serious consequences including1-6:
- Risk of falls
- Poor outcomes
- Impact on rehabilitation
- Length of stay
- Healthcare costs
- Muscle strength
- Functional recovery
- Wound healing
- Quality of life
High risk of malnutrition in stroke patients can have serious consequences
Cost: 1.5 times more costly than those at low risk (£8,718 vs £4,918)
Mortality: 7 times higher mortality rate than those at low risk (41.7% vs 5.8%)
Length of stay: 3 times longer stay than those at low risk (48 days vs 14 days)
1-6 Intercollegiate Stroke Working Party. https://www.rcplondon.ac.uk/guidelines-policy/stroke-guidelines [16.03.2016].
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